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Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It currently has about 400,000 inhabitants.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, the start of World War I.

Sarajevo was the host city for the 1984 Winter Olympic Games. It was devastated during the Bosnian War.


The first neolithic settlements in this area date back to the Butmir culture in the 3rd millennium BC.

Following neolithic people, the next known inhabitants were the Illyrian tribes in the 2nd millennium BC in Zlatiste and Soukbunar regions.

Illyrian tribes were fighting against the Romans for several centuries, until they were defeated in the year 9. As a part of the Roman Empire, the Sarajevo valley was an important road connecting the Adriatic coast with Panonia.

Roman presence can be detected in several localities, including Debelo Brdo, where military posts were held until the 6th century, Ilidza, the administrative and cultural center of this area, and Crkviste, Stupsko Brdo, Crkvina, Svrakino Selo, Marijin Dvor, and Vasiljeva Basca, to name a few.

During the civil war of the 1990s (see History of Bosnia and Herzegovina) a main street was known as Sniper's Alley.