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Seven deadly sins

The seven deadly sins, also known as the "capital vices", were enumerated in their present form by Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century. The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines them as "capital sins which Christian experience has distinguished, following St. John Cassian and St. Gregory the Great."

The seven deadly sins are:

Several of these sins interlink: greed features a lot, envy and avarice are often confused, but envy and pride could also be confused.

The 4th century Egyptian monk Evagrius Ponticus defined eight deadly "passions", which were later reduced to seven by merging pride and vainglory. Prior to the current heptad being defined by Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century, accidie, often translated as sadness or listlessness, was used instead of sloth. A cogent modern term would be "apathy".

In the official Catechism of the Catholic Church, consisting of 2,865 numbered sections published in 1994 by order of Pope John Paul II, the seven deadly sins are dealt with in only one paragraph. The principal codification of moral transgression for Christians continues to be the Ten Commandments.

Contrast with the Four Cardinal Virtues and Three Theological Virtues.

In Eastern Orthodoxy, these impulses are generally characterized as "deadly passions" rather than sins in and of themselves. To invite and entertain or even refuse to attempt to resist these passions that is considered sinful in Orthodox Christian moral theology.

The seven deadly sins in popular culture

The movie Se7en is about a serial killer obsessed with the seven deadly sins. The seven deadly sins were also occasionally referenced in the Shazam/Captain Marvel comic-book franchise by seven statues displayed in the hero's secret headquarters. There is also a board game named after the seven deadly sins, see Seven Deadly Sins board game.

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