is a major facility in a city
, for the loading, unloading, and movement of cargo to and from oceanic ships
. The term also refers to a city with such a facility.
Critical to the functioning of a seaport is:
- Presence of deep water channels (40 feet minimum) and berths
- Protection from wind, wave, and surge
- Access to intermodal transportation (trains and trucks)
Seaports are often equipped with large cranes for the loading and unloading of containers from container ships. These are usually operated by longshoremen. Pilots and tugboats are also used to safely maneuver the ships in tight quarters.