Statues of Rameses III at Karnak
Ramses III was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, reigning in the 20th Dynasty from 1180 BC to 1150 BC. His name is sometimes rendered as Rameses; the Ancient Greeks knew him as Rhampsinitus.
He fought off foreign invasions from surrounding nations, and built important temples at Medinet-Abu and Karnak.
His mummy was discovered by antiquarians in 1886.