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Osaka Castle

Ōsaka (大阪市; -shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2.7 million. It is located on the island of Honshu, at the mouth of the Yodo river on Osaka Bay. The city is one of Japan's major industrial centers and ports, as well as the capital of Osaka prefecture.

Table of contents
1 Attractions
2 Transportation
3 Geography
4 Demography
5 Economy
6 External links


Tennoji district, Osaka

Central Osaka is divided into two sections: Kita (north) and Minami (south). The retail district of Umeda is located in Kita, while the entertainment area around Dotonburi Bridge (with its famous enormous motorised crab), Triangle Park and Amerikamura ("America Village") is in Minami. Minami is also home to the Shinsaibashi and Tenjinbashi shopping districts. The central business district, including the courts and major banks, is primarily located in Yodoyabashi and Hommachi, between Kita and Minami.

Osaka has had many names in the past: Naniwa and Settsu are among the better-known ones. Before the modern era, it was written in kanji as 大坂.

Osaka is known for bunraku (a type of puppetry) and kabuki theatre. Tourist attractions include:

Osaka Aquarium

Osaka regional cuisine includes okonomiyaki (a type of pancake), takoyaki (octopus dumplings), udon (a noodle dish), as well as regional sushi and other traditional Japanese foods.


Kansai International Airport is the main airport: it is a man-made rectangular island which sits off-shore in Osaka Bay and services Osaka and its surrounding satellite cities of Nara, Kobe and Kyoto. Kansai is the geographical term for the area of western Honshu surrounding Osaka. The airport is linked by a bus and train service into the centre of the city and major suburbs.

Osaka International Airport in Itami still houses most of the domestic service from the metropolitan region: its proximity to the Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto city centers outweighs its noise restrictions.

The mass transportation system of Osaka is first-rate: Besides the subway system there is a network of both government (JR) and private lines connecting the suburbs of the city, and Osaka to its neighbours. Keihan and Hankyu line connect to Kyoto, Hanshin and Hankyu line connect to Kobe, the Kintetsu line connects to Nara and Nagoya, and the Nankai line to Wakayama.

The city was founded on April 1, 1889.

Osaka Tower


Osaka has following wards: Abeno-ku, Asahi-ku, Chuo-ku, Fukushima-ku, Higashinari-ku, Higashisumiyoshi-ku, Higashiyodogawa-ku, Hirano-ku, Ikuno-ku, Joto-ku, Kita-ku, Konohana-ku, Minato-ku, Miyakojima-ku, Naniwa-ku, Nishi-ku, Nishinari-ku, Nishiyodogawa-ku, Suminoe-ku, Sumiyoshi-ku, Taisho-ku, Tennoji-ku, Tsurumi-ku and Yodogawa-ku.


As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 2,624,129 and the density of 11,857.79 persons per km². The total area is 221.30 km².

The people of Osaka speak a variation of standard Japanese called Osaka-ben, characterised by, most prominently amongst other particularities, the use of the suffix hen instead of nai in the negative of verbs.

Osaka people are considered by other Japanese to be rowdy and boisterous with a robust and coarse sense of humour, befitting people engaged in the commercial life of the region.


Historically, Osaka was the center of Japanese commerce. Nowadays, most major companies have moved their main offices to Tokyo, but several major companies are still based in Osaka, including Daimaru, Hankyu, Hanshin, Matsushita, Sharp Electronics, and the West Japan Railway Company.

External links