Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Mont Blanc

Mont Blanc, in the Alps, is the highest European mountain peak west of the Volga; its height is 4,810 metres (15,781 feet).

Mont Blanc lies between France and Italy, but the precise border line has been a subject of discussion since the 17th century. The two most famous cities near Mont Blanc are Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, (France) and Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta, (Italy).

Begun in 1957 and completed in 1965, the 11.6 kilometer (7.25 mile) Mont Blanc Tunnel runs beneath the mountain between these two cities. It is one of the major trans-Alpine transport routes particularly for Italy, which relies on the tunnel for shipping as much as one-third of its freight to northern Europe.

The Mont Blanc massif is very popular for mountaineering, hiking, and skiing. The first time Mont Blanc was climbed was on August 8, 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard; the first woman to reach the summit, in 1808, was Marie Paradis.

Mont Blanc was traditionally considered to be 4807 m high. However, some GPS measurements made in September 2001 revealed it was 3 meters higher than previously thought.

The mountain has a number of glaciers streaming down its flanks; the Mer de Glace is the largest of these.

Mont Blanc was also the name of a munitions ship that exploded in Halifax, Nova Scotia on December 6, 1917.

Mont Blanc is also the name of an Italian cake, with cream and meringue.

Mont Blanc is also the name of a main character in the Final Fantasy series video game: Final Fantasy Tactics Advance. He is a moogle.