(lived somewhere between 150
) was an arabic gnostic
(arabic name: Mun'im), who was known to us only from one account in Theodoret
(Haereticarum Fabularum Compendium
i. 18) until a lost work of anti-heretical writings (Refutations of All Heresies
, book 8, chapter V) by Hippolytus
was found. He is known for coining the usage of the word Monad
in a gnostic context.
Hippolytus claims Monoimus was a follower of Tatian, and that his cosmological system was derived from that of the Pythagoreans, which indeed seem probable. But it was also clearly inspired by christianity, monism and gnosis.
According to Monoimus, the world is created from the Monad (or iota, or Yod meaning "one horn"), a tittle that brings forth the duad, triad, tetrad, pentad, hexad, heptad, ogdoad, ennead, up to ten, producing a decad. He thus possibly identifies the gnostic aeons with the first elements of the pythagorean cosmology. He identifies these divisions of different entities with the description of creation in Genesis. This description from Hippolytus also corresponds to two versions of a text called Eugnostos found in Nag Hammadi, where the same monad to decad relationship is described. (Eugnostos in turn, has apparent resemblances to the gnostic text The Sophia of Jesus Christ, where the word monad appears again.)
He is also famous for his quote about the nature of God, which may be described as pantheistic (from Hippolytus):
- Omitting to seek after God, and creation, and things similar to these, seek for Him from (out of) thyself, and learn who it is that absolutely appropriates (unto Himself) all things in thee, and says, "My God my mind, my understanding, my soul, my body." And learn from whence are sorrow, and joy, and love, and hatred, and involuntary wakefulness, and involuntary drowsiness, and involuntary anger, and involuntary affection; and if you accurately investigate these (points), you will discover (God) Himself, unity and plurality, in thyself, according to that tittle, and that He finds the outlet (for Deity) to be from thyself.
This idea resembles the viewpoint of sufist Ibn Arabi
, but we do not know about any connection between the two.