The manuscript itself has been dated to the 4th century, although it is possible that the Sophia codex was transcribed from an earlier document, as it has apparent similarities to Eugnostos, another manuscript found in two copies in Nag Hammadi. Most scholars argue that the text is of Gnostic origin, based on the similarities between the mystical teachings found in the text itself and standard Gnostic themes. If the original tractate should date from the 1st century, we have a rare glimpse at a conversation between Jesus Christ and his disciples after his resurrection from the dead. Highly mystical, the content of this text concerns creation of gods, angels and the universe with an emphasis on infinite and mystical truth.
Curiously, the writings of four Synoptic Gospels of the New Testament - Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John - are dated after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A. D. or later, placing them in the historical range some scholars identify for the gnostic writings. Therefore, one could conclude that the early Christians had a much different Bible than exists today. Some scholars believe the Gnostic texts were written later than the New Testament.