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Mindoro is the fourth largest island in the Philippines. It is located in southwestern Luzon, just northeast of Palawan. In past times, it has been called Ma-I or Mait by ancient Chinese traders and, by Spaniards, as Mina de Oro (meaning “gold mine”) from where the island got its current name. The island was divided into its two present-day provinces, Occidental Mindoro and Oriental Mindoro, in 1950. Before then, since 1921, the entire island was one province.

Table of contents
1 Economy
2 Culture
3 Other Information


The economy of Mindoro is largely based on agriculture. Products consist of a wide variety of fruits, such as citrus, bananas, lanzones, rambutan, and coconuts, such grains as rice and corn, sugar cane, peanuts, fish (e.g. catfish, milkfish, and tilapia), livestock, and poultry. Logging and the mining of marble and copper also thrive.

Tourism is a lucrative business, as well, with locations such as Apo Reef National Park, Lubang Island, Puerto Galera, Sabang Beach, and Mt. Halcon to boast.


The principal language in Mindoro is Tagalog although, in some parts, it has been greatly influenced by the Visayan and native Mangyan languages. Mainstream Pilipino and Taglish are, indeed, present in and around such areas as Puerto Galera and Calapan City. Visayan and Mangyan languages, too, are spoken on the island, as are Ilocano and some foreign languages—e.g., English, Fukien, and, to a much lesser extent, Castilian.

The common religions on the island fall under Christianity. The religion of the indigenous Mangyan population is animism.

Other Information

Mindoro is also home to the Tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf bufallo (Bubalus mindorensis), which is endemic to the island. The Tamaraw is a bovine related to the water buffalo and is an endangered species.