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Ivo Andric

Ivo Andrić (1892 - 1975), a Serbian-Croatian novelist, short story writer, and Nobel Prize winner from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Ivan Andrić (Ivo is diminutive of Ivan) was born on October 9th, 1892 near Travnik, Bosnia (then part of Austria-Hungary) to a Catholic family of Bosnian Croats. He started his education in Sarajevo's Gymnasium and continued studies at the universities in Krakow, Vienna, and Graz. Because of his political activities, Andrić was interned by the Austrian government during World War I in the Doboj Austrian detention camp alongside with civilian Serbs and pro-Serb south Slavs.

Under the newly formed Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), Andrić held a number of diplomatic posts, including that of ambassador to Germany. His ambassadorship ended in 1941, and during World War II Andrić lived in Belgrade. The post-war decade was his most productive period. Following the death of his wife in 1968, he slowly reduced his activities. As the time went by, he became increasingly ill and eventually died on March 13th, 1975.

The material for his works was mainly drawn from the history, folklore and culture of his native Bosnia. Andrić wrote in Croatian and, dominantly, in Serbian, while officially supported the notion of one Serbo-Croatian language, just like many of his contemporaries, both Croat and Serb. Many of his works being translated into English, the best known are the following:

The first earned him the Nobel Prize for literature in 1961.

Some of his other popular works include:

Andrić belongs to those writers that are hard to classify: he was both Serbian and Croatian writer, wrote in Serbian (predominantly) and Croatian (earlier works of poetry and novellas, ca. 30 % of his opus); a believer of Yugoslav unity and quasi-racial Slavic nationalism before WWI and royal Yugoslavia's ambassador to Nazi Germany. His political career, combined with extraliterary factors, contributed to the controversy that still surrounds his work. However, a fair assessment of his work could not overlook the following facts and evaluations:



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