Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (Вук Стефановић Караџић) (October 26, 1787 - January 26, 1864) was a Serb linguist, reformer of what today is most commonly known as the Serbo-Croatian language, though he himself termed it the Serbian language.
Karadžić was born in the village of Tršić, near Loznica in Serbia; his first name "Vuk" means "wolf". Apart from learning to read and write in the Tronoša monastery he educated himself. He took part in Serbian uprisings and left us detailed accounts of them. He reformed the Serb language, and standardised the Serb alphabet by following strict phonetic principles which made it one of the most usable in the world, collected several tomes of folk prose and poetry and created all the works listed below. For his work he received little financial aid, at times living in poverty. He died in Vienna.