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Hero of the Soviet Union

Hero of the Soviet Union was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the former USSR. It included Order of Lenin (the highest Soviet award) and, as the sign of excellence, Gold Star medal with the certificate of the heroic deed (gramota) from the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (highest executive body of the land).

Established on April 16, 1934.

Both males and females were eligible to receive the title.

Total number of persons who were awarded this title is over 12,500. The great majority of them received it during the World War 2.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union this title was succeeded in Russia by the title of Hero of Russia.