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Supreme Soviet

The Supreme Soviet (Верховный Совет, Verhovniy Sovet, literally the "Supreme Council") comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments. It elected the Presidium, formed the Supreme Court, and appointed the Procurator General of the USSR.

It was made up of two chambers, each with equal legislative powers, with members elected for five-year terms:

In 1989 there were 750 members. The Supreme Soviet met regularly twice a year but it could be called into extraordinary session. The Central Committee carried out the day-to-day operations of the Supreme Soviet when it was not in session.

In practice, the Supreme Soviet functioned as a rubber stamp to legislation originating from less representative but more powerful bodies, like the Politburo.

The Supreme Soviet officially dissolved the USSR on December 26, 1991. The Supreme Soviet itself, along with the Congress of People's Deputies, dissolved in September 1993.