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Geography of Brunei

Brunei is in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. Its geographical coordinates are 4 30 N, 114 40 E.

Brunei shares a 381 km border with Malaysia and has a 161 km coastline.

The climate in Brunei is hot, humid and tropical with heavy rainfall. Most of the country is a flat coastal plain with mountains in the east and hilly lowland in the west. The lowest point is at sea level and the highest is Bukit Pagon (1,850 m).

Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas and timber

total: 5,770 km²
land: 5,270 km²
water: 500 km²

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
territorial sea: 12 nm

Land use:
arable land: 1%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 85%
other: 12% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare

Environment - current issues: seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

See also : Brunei