EMI Group plc was formed as Electric and Musical Industries Ltd in March 1931 from a merger of UK Columbia Records and the Gramophone Company/HMV. EMI was the largest record company in the world for nearly fifty years.
The EMI company also includes the following labels; Capitol Records, Pathé Records‚ Electrola in Germany, Columbia Nipponophone in Japan, Path Orient and the China Record Co in China, GramCo in India, and the Odeon, Parlophone, Regal-Zonophone, His Master's Voice and other labels.
By the mid 1960s, the label had the Beatles, Cilla Black, the Hollies, Billy J. Kramer, Cliff Richard, Gerry and the Pacemakers, the Dave Clark Five, Peter and Gordon, the Animals, Herman's Hermits, the Yardbirds, Manfred Mann, Joe Cocker, the Move and the Beach Boys.
In the 70s, 80s and 90s, the EMI roster included Duran Duran, Paul McCartney, Queen, Pink Floyd, The Knack, Sheena Easton, Kate Bush, Kim Carnes, The Rolling Stones, David Bowie, George Michael, the Spice Girls, Bob Seger, the J. Geils Band, Heart, Pet Shop Boys, Chumbawamba, Coldplay and others.