Emergency serviceEmergency services
are services that deal with emergencies
The main emergency services include:
Specialized emergency services include:
Mass emergencies such as floods
, snowstorms, tornados
overload professional emergency services. Consider the math: A community of 100,000 typically will have about ten fire trucks. Many jurisdictions do not cross-train police as light rescue personnel. If the emergency traps or injures just 2% of the population, 2,000 rescues will be needed. Since each rescue takes about a half hour, and there are ten trucks, the rescues will take about 100 hours to complete. People in shock
will begin to die within two hours. Trapped children will begin to die of thirst in one day, trapped adults and shut-ins in two days. As many as 1500 deaths might be prevented by simple rescue and first-aid, if it were only available quickly.
- Some regions therefore perform mass training of amateurs to cope with mass emergencies, in a program called community emergency response teams.
- In mass emergencies, coordination is crucial. This is usually provided by some form of emergency operations.
- The military can sometimes help in mass emergencies, although they can rarely mobilize quickly enough to make a significant difference, and often have incompatible doctrines.
are persons who respond to a call for help
to an emergency telephone number
. Typically they are sent by a emergency dispatch
center. Many countries have special emergency numbers, such as 911
in North America, 999
in Britain or 000
in Australia. Due to the increase in international travel and mobile phones capable of operating in different countries, an international emergency GSM
mobile telephone number 112
has been agreed upon. This works in all GSM mobiles and on landline phones in European Union countries, ex Soviet Union countries, some mobile networks in the United States and many other countries. In most cases the existing national number(s) also works.