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Hvakhshathra or Cyaxares (625585 BC) was the most capable king of Medes (Iran).

He reorganized and modernized the Median Army, then joined with King Nabopolassar of Babylon. Two allies could overthrow Assyrian Empire and destroyed Nineveh city. (612 BC).

After this victory, Medes conquered Northern Mesopotamia, Armenia and some important parts of Asia Minor especially Lydia.