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Canton of Glarus

Canton of Glarus

'\'Flag of the canton''
Area:685 km²
Glarus (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. The capital is Glarus. There are 29 municipalities in the canton. The 38,300 (in 2001) strong population is German speaking.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Industry
4 Municipalities
5 External links


The canton of Glarus is dominated by the deep valley of Linth River. Most of the area is mountainous. The highest peak in the Glarus Alps is the Tödi with 3614m. Other mountains include the Hausstock (3158m) and the Glärnisch (2910m). There is a large lake called Wallensee. The total area of the canton of Glarus is 685 km², of which about half is considered productive. Forestry is important.


The history of this canton is dominated by religion. The inhabitants of the Linth Valley were converted to Christianity in the 6th century by the Irish monk St. Fridolin. St. Fridolin still features in the coat of arms of the canton today. He founded the convent of Säckingen near Basel. From the 9th century, the area around Glarus was owned by the convent. By 1288 the Habsburgs bit by bit claimed all the rights of the convent. This caused the people of Glarus joining the Swiss Confederation in 1352.

Location of the canton
Between 1506 and 1516 the reformator Huldrych Zwingli was priest in Glarus, but by 1564 all of Zwingli's followers were eliminated. This, however, did not end the struggles between the Protestants and the Catholics in the area. To secure peace it was decided that each party should have its own assembly (Landsgemeinde) in 1623, and at a later stage in 1683 each side was granted the right to have its own tribunals.

Between 1798 and 1803 Glarus was part of the Canton of Linth as established by Napoleon. In 1836 the constitution was adapted to unite the assemblies and establish only one Landsgemeinde.


The geography of the canton helped to establish slateworks in the 17th century. The mountainous surroundings of Glarus were also an advantage in industrilisation. Cotton spinning was important in the 18th century, complementing traditional woolen spinning. Industrialisation also brought cotton printing, hydroelectric plants and later metal and machinery factories, as well as paper mills.

Diary farming and cattle breeding were not replaced by industrial advances. Cattle grazes on mountain pastures. Cattle breeding and dairying are important on the mountain pastures.


The 29 municipalities (Ortsgemeinden) are:
  • Betschwanden
  • Bilten
  • Braunwald
  • Diesbach
  • Elm
  • Engi
  • Ennenda
  • Filzbach
  • Glarus
  • Haslen
  • Hätzingen
  • Leuggelbach
  • Linthal
  • Luchsingen
  • Matt
  • Mitlödi
  • Mollis
  • Mühlehorn
  • Näfels
  • Netstal
  • Nidfurn
  • Niederurnen
  • Oberurnen
  • Obstalden
  • Riedern
  • Rüti
  • Schwanden
  • Schwändi
  • Sool

External links