: 15th century
- 16th century
- 17th century
Decades: 1460s 1470s 1480s 1490s 1500s - 1510s - 1520s 1530s 1540s 1550s 1560s
Years: 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 - 1516 - 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521
- March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I.
- July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria.
- August 13 - Treaty of Noyon - Peace between France and Spain. Francis recognizes Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognizes Francis's claim to Milan.
- August 24 - Battle of Merj-Dabik. The Ottomans defeat the Mameluks, who abandon Syria.
- October 28 - Battle of Yaunis Khan. Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
- December 4 - Treaty of Brussels - Peace between France and the Empire.