Centuries: 5th century BC - **4th century BC** - 3rd century BC

Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - **330s BC** - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC

341 BC 340 BC 339 BC 338 BC 337 BC - **336 BC** - 335 BC 334 BC 333 BC 332 BC 331 BC

- King Philip II of Macedon is assassinated. His son, the legendary general Alexander the Great, succeeds him.
- Darius III of Persia rises to the throne succeeding King Arses of Persia.
- Bagoas, Vizier of Persia is poisoned by King Darius III of Persia.

- Philip II of Macedon (assassinated).
- King Arses of Persia(assassinated).
- Bagoas, Vizier of Persia (assassinated).