*See also:* 1831 in science, other events of 1832, 1833 in science and the list of years in science.

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2 Physics 3 Awards 4 Births 5 Deaths |

- Évariste Galois presents a general condition for the solvability of algebraic equations, thereby essentially founding group theory and Galois theory
- Peter Dirichlet proves Fermat's last theorem for
*n*= 14

- Michael Faraday states his laws of electrolysis

- June 17 - William Crookes, chemist and physicist († 1919)
- December 12 - Ludwig Sylow, mathematician († 1918)

- May 13 - Georges Cuvier, zoologist (* 1769)
- May 31 - Evariste Galois, mathematician (* 1811)
- August 24 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, mathematician (* 1796)
- September 2 - Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, astronomer (* 1754)