Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s
Years: 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 - 1878 - 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883
January 9 - Humbert I becomes King of Italy
January 28 - The Yale News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
February 2 - Greece declares war on Turkey.
February 11 - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms.
February 11 - 1st weekly Weather report published in UK
February 18 - The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico
February 19 - The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison
February 28 - Mississippi State University is created by the Mississippi Legislature (under the name The Agricultural and Mechanical College of the State of Mississippi)
March 3 - Bulgaria regained its independence from Ottoman Empire.
March 24 - The UK frigate Eurydice sinks, killing 300.
May 15 - Tokyo Stock Exchange established
July 13 - The Treaty of Berlin makes Serbia completely independent
July 26 - In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
September 3 - Over 640 die when when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
October 15 - The Edison Electric Company begins operation.
October 17 - John A. Macdonald returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
West Bromwich Albion F.C play their first match.
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1878 in literature:
January 6 - Carl Sandburg, poet, historian (+ 1967)
January 12 - Ferenc Molnár, author (+ 1952)
January 20 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer († 1968)
January 25 - Ernst Alexanderson, television pioneer
February 2 - Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer
February 5 - André Citroën, automobile pioneer
February 8 - Martin Buber, philosopher
March 16 - Clemens August Graf von Galen, archbishop of Münster and cardinal (+ 1946)
March 27 - Sir George Gilbert Scott, architect
March 31 - Jack Johnson, the first African American to hold a boxing title.
April 6 - Erich Mühsam, German author (+ 1934)
April 24 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist
May 10 - Gustav Stresemann, politician and recipient of the Nobel Prize in peace 1926 (+ 1929)
May 26 - Isadora Duncan, dancer (+ 1927)
July 4 - George M. Cohan, singer, dancer, composer, actor, writer (+ 1942)
July 24 - Edward Plunkett, Baron Dunsany, Irish author
October 1 - Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist
December 25 - Louis Chevrolet, automobile builder (+ 1941)
December 26 - Jack Johnson, African-American boxer
December 14 - The Grand Duchess of Hesse and the Rhine, née Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria\n