Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - **120s BC** - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC

Years: 126 BC 125 BC 124 BC 123 BC 122 BC - **121 BC** - 120 BC 119 BC 118 BC 117 BC 116 BC

- The Senate passes the motion
*senatus consultum ultimum*, which the consul Lucius Opimius interprets as giving him unlimited power to preserve the republic. He gathers an armed force of Senators and their supporters to confront Gaius Gracchus. A pitched battle is fought inside Rome, resulting in the death of Gracchus and many of his followers. - A tribunal is established in Rome that executes 3000 followers of Gracchus.

- Gaius Gracchus
- M. Fulvius Flaccus
- Cleopatra Thea (failed attempt to poison her stepson)