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Settlers from the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts founded Windsor after the Podunk Indians invited them and made them a gift of a plot of land. They invited them to help relive the pressure from neighboring tribes. The Pequot and Mohawk were at war, and the Podunk were not only caught in the crossfire, they were forced to pay tribute to the Pequots who claimed their land. The Sicaog tribe made a similar offer to the Dutch in New Amsterdam, but they declined to send settlers, since their interest in Connecticut was only the fur trade. After Edward Winslow inspected the sight, William Holmes led a party there. Sailing up the Connecticut River past the Dutch fort at Hartford, they arrived at Windsor on September 26, 1633.
Geography\nAccording to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 80.4 km² (31.0 mi²). 76.7 km² (29.6 mi²) of it is land and 3.7 km² (1.4 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.61% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census of 2000, there are 28,237 people, 10,577 households, and 7,604 families residing in the town. The population density is 368.0/km² (953.0/mi²). There are 10,900 housing units at an average density of 142.0/km² (367.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 65.12% White, 27.09% African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 4.98% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 10,577 households out of which 32.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% are married couples living together, 13.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% are non-families. 23.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.10.
In the town the population is spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $64,137, and the median income for a family is $73,064. Males have a median income of $45,443 versus $37,476 for females. The per capita income for the town is $27,633. 3.7% of the population and 2.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.3% are under the age of 18 and 5.5% are 65 or older.