Originally named Chinese Nationalist Party Army Officer Institute (中國國民黨陸軍軍官學校), the academy was located on the Chengzhou island offshore of the Whampoa dock in Guangzhou, thus earning its common name. It was comprised of six departments - political, instruction, training, management, medic and supplies.
The academy concentrated the revolutionary talents at the time. Chiang Kai-shek was appointed the first principal of the academy. Zhou Enlai, Hu Han-min (胡漢文) and Wang Ching-wei once instructed in the political department. He Yingqin (何應欽) and Ye Jianyin (葉劍英) were once military instructors.
Many prestigious commanders of KMT and Communist Party of China graduated from this academy, including:
See also: History of the Republic of China