Waterloo and City Line
The Waterloo and City Line
is a short underground metro
line in London
, formally opened on 11 July 1898
. It has only two stations, Waterloo
, between which it passes under the River Thames
. It exists almost exclusively to transport commuters arriving at Waterloo mainline station to the financial district of the City of London
(and vice versa), and does not operate on Saturday evenings or Sundays.
The line was designed by civil engineer
W.R. Galbraith and James Henry Greathead
. Originally part of the London and South Western Railway
, it became part of the Southern Railway
in 1923. It was subsequently nationalised with the mainline railways in 1948, and did not become part of London Underground
, when it was sold for the nominal sum of one pound
It is colloquially known as The Drain. There are two main reasons for this: the smell of the marshy ground on which Waterloo is built, and the drain-like round deep-level tunnels, which were nicknamed "tubes" on the other lines.
In 2003 the Waterloo and City was closed for over three weeks for safety checks due to the derailment on the Central Line, which uses the same type of train.
Geographical path of the Waterloo and City Line
in order from north to south