The Vostok programme
(Восток, translated as "East"
) was a Soviet human spaceflight
project that succeeded in putting a person into Earth orbit for the first time. The programme developed the Vostok spacecraft
and adapted the Vostok rocket
from an existing ICBM
A series of prototype Vostoks, including at least five with animals and some with a test dummy aboard were used to qualfy the spacecraft for human flight.
- Sputnik 4 (Korabl-Sputnik 1)
- Sputnik 5 (Korabl-Sputnik 2)
- Sputnik 6 (Korabl-Sputnik 3)
- Sputnik 9 (Korabl-Sputnik 4)
- Sputnik 10 (Korabl-Sputnik 5)
was the first human spaceflight, and was followed by
Another seven Vostok flights were originally planned, going through to the April of 1966
, but these were cancelled as the race to the moon intensified.
Vostok was followed by the Voskhod program.