The term viceroy derives from vice ("sub-") and roy (French roi, "king"), indicating his role as direct representative of the monarch. The Viceroy's wife was called the vicereine. The office was created in 1858 after the Sepoy Rebellion, as an expansion of the office of Governor-General. It was abolished upon the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947 and replaced with the Governor-General of India and Governor-General of Pakistan.
List of viceroys