is the bicameral Legislature
of the Isle of Man
. It consists of the directly elected House of Keys
and the indirectly chosen Legislative Council
. The Houses sit jointly on Tynwald Day
in St. John's, and on other occasions in Douglas. Otherwise, the two Houses sit separately, with the House of Keys
originating most legislation, and the Legislative Council
acting as a revising chamber.
When the Tynwald meets annually in St. John's (normally on 5 July) at an open air ceremony on Tynwald Hill, the Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man presides. Here, all laws are promulgated and special Petitions are received. (If a law is not promulgated at St. John's within eighteen months of passage, it becomes null and void.)
While the Tynwald sits in Douglas, which occurs once a month from October to July, the President of the Tynwald, who is chosen by the other members, presides. In the joint session:
- Members of each house formally sign bills
- Notice of the Royal approval from the Monarch of the United Kingdom is received
- Questions may be put to officers of Government
- Special Resolutions authorizing taxes are made
- Delegated Legislation made by Government officers may be approved or annulled
- Petitions may be presented
- The Chief Minister is appointed
- Other important public business is conducted.
When the Tynwald votes while meeting jointly, each House votes separately. If a majority of each House approves, the motion is carried. If the Council vote ties, then the President of the Tynwald casts the deciding vote. However, if the Keys approve a motion but the Council disapproves, then the question can be put again at a different sitting. In this case, the vote is determined by a majority of all the members of the Tynwald. If this occurs, the Keys, with their larger size, are likely to prevail.
Normally, both houses of the Tynwald must pass a bill, when it goes to the Queen of the United Kingdom, in her capacity as Lord of Mann, for formal assent. But if the Council rejects a bill or amends it against the Keys' wishes, the Keys have the power to repass the same bill, when the Council's disapproval is ignored and the bill presented to the Queen for formal assent.