During the French Revolution, Louis XVI and his family were forced to live there under house arrest, starting in October 1789. They tried to escape on the evening of June 20, 1791, but were captured at Varennes and were returned to the Tuileries.
After his assession to power, Napoleon I made it his main residence.
Today, the gardens, formerly west of the palace, remain. The Tuileries Gardens (French Jardins des Tuileries) are surrounded by the Louvre, the Seine, the Place de la Concorde and the Rue de Rivoli. They are part of the Axe historique.
The Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume is a museum of contemporary art located in the north-west corner of the gardens.