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Treaty of London, 1913

The Treaty of London was convened in May 1913 to deal with territorial adjustments arising out of the conclusion of the First Balkan War.

The combatants were the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria and Montenegro) and the defeated Turkey. Representing the Great Powers were Britain, Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary and Italy.

Hostilities had ceased on December 2, 1912. Three principal points were in dispute:

The Treaty had convened in London following an international conference which had opened in there in December 1912, in light of a declaration of independence by Albania on November 28, 1912.

Austria-Hungary and Italy strongly supported the creation of an independent Albania. In part, this was consistent with Austria-Hungary's previous policy of resisting Serb expansion to the Adriatic. Russia supported Serbia and Montenegro. Germany and Britain remained neutral. The balance of power struck between the members of the Balkan League had been on the assumption that Albania would be among the conquered lands shared between them.

The terms enforced by the Great Powers were:

As a result of the terms of the Treaty of London, the Second Balkan War broke out between the combatants in June. A final peace was agreed at the Treaty of Bucharest on August 12, 1913.