) was a British mathematician
minister, known for having formulated Bayes' theorem
His findings on probability were written in Essay Towards Solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances (1763), published posthumously in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.
He is known to have published two works in his lifetime: Divine Benevolence, or an Attempt to Prove That the Principal End of the Divine Providence and Government is the Happiness of His Creatures (1731), and An Introduction to the Doctrine of Fluxions, and a Defence of the Mathematicians Against the Objections of the Author of the Analyst, in which he defended Isaac Newton's foundations of calculus (1736).
Born in London, England, he died in Tunbridge Wells, Kent. He is interred in Bunhill Fields Cemetery in London.