Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index


Bald cypress
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Taxodiaceae
Genus: Taxodium
  • Taxodium ascendens - Pond cypress
  • Taxodium distichum - Bald cypress
  • Taxodium mucronatum -
    Montezuma cypress
Taxodium is a genus of three (or two?) conifers in the Family Taxodiaceae that grow in the southern part of the North American continent. These trees are closely related to the redwoods on the American west coast. The trees are especially prized for their lumber, which is extremely rot-resistant. The shredded bark of these trees is a popular mulch. The trees are deciduous in the north, semi-deciduous in the south. Bald cypress trees in swamp situations have a peculiarity of growth called cypress knees. These are woody projections, sent above the water from the roots. Their function is to provide oxygen to the roots, growing in low dissolved oxygen (DO) waters of a swamp. See also: mangrove.

The Bald cypress was designated the official (state) tree of Louisiana in 1963.