Syrian Orthodox Church
The Syrian Orthodox
church is an autocephalous Christian church
, and India
, recognizing the Syrian Orthodox Patriarch
as its spiritual head. It is regarded by Roman Catholics
and Eastern Orthodox
as heretical (because of the Monophysite
beliefs), but is in communion with the Coptic Church
and other Oriental Orthodox
churches. There is also a schismatic Jacobite group called the Syrian Catholic Church
that has entered into communion with the Roman Catholic Church and is one of the Eastern Rites
The church broke from the Orthodox Church of Antioch in the sixth century, after the Council of Chalcedon condemed its Monophysite teachings. It was established by Jacob Baradaeus, helped by Empress Theodora; however, Jacobite tradition traces their origin directly to St. Peter who founded the original Church of Antioch in 37 AD.
The Syrian Jacobite liturgy is performed in Syriac.
The seat of the Patriarchy of this church, although originally in Antioch, is now in Damascus, Syria.