Serapion of AntiochSerapion
was Bishop of Antioch
). He is known primarily through his theological writings. Eusebius
refers to three works of Serapion in his history, but admits that others probably existed: first is a private letter addressed to Caricus and Pontius against Montanism
, from which Eusebius quotes an extract (Historia ecclesiastica
V, 19), as well as ascriptions showing that it was circulated amongst bishops in Asia and Thrace; next is a work addressed to a certain Domninus, who in time of persecution abandoned Christianity for the error of "Jewish will-worship" (H. E.
, VI, 12); and lastly Eusebius quotes from a pamphlet Serapion wrote concerning the Docetic Gospel of Peter
, in which Serapion presents an argument to the Christian community of Rhossus in Syria against the Gnostic
message of this gospel, and also alludes to a number of personal letters Serapion wrote to Pontius, Caricus, and others about this Gnostic document.
Serapion also acted against the influence of Gnosticism in Osroene by consecrating Palut as bishop of Edessa, where Palut addressed the increasingly Gnostic tendencies that the churchman Bardesanes was introducing to its Christian community.