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Sambia (German: Samland, is the name of a the region Baltic formerly populated by the Baltic tribe of Sambians.

Sambia (Sambian peninsula) is rich in amber area of in the Prussia at the Baltic Sea coast near Königsberg. Sambia was the last area where the Old Prussian language went extinct, at the beginning of 18th century.

The unofficial name was still in use in the Province of Prussia, and now in the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.

For thousands of years amber has been found at the Sambia coast and an Amber Road trade route has led from Prussia's "first city" of Truso to the Black Sea and further east.