is a town of about 201,700 inhabitants (2002
), located on the east bank of Tigris
, in the province of Salah ad Din
, 125 km north of Baghdad
Samarra was one of the largest cities of ancient times. Sites of interest include the "Great Mosque" with its special sprial minaret, built in 847 when Samarra was capital of the Muslim world for 56 years in the 9th century.
It is also home to the mausoleums of the tenth and eleventh Shia Imams, as well as the shrine of the final and Hidden Imam.