(Arabic: دجلة, Dijla
, Turkish: Dicle
) - The eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia
, along with the Euphrates
, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia
. The river then merges with the Euphrates in southern Iraq to form the Shatt al-Arab
, which in turn flows on into the Persian Gulf
, the capital of Iraq, is on the western bank of the Tigris.