In political science
, a republican
) is a person who advocates the establishment of a republic
as a form of government
, in contrast to a monarchist
See also: republicanism
In politics a Republican (uppercase R) is a member, delegate or supporter of a Republican political party; for example the United States Republican Party, Fianna Fáil the Republic Party in the Republic of Ireland, etc. The politics of these parties varies widely with the context, although there is a common thread of support for an "independent" state.
In the Spanish Civil War, Republican was the name given for the side which fought unsuccessfully in defence of the Second Spanish Republic, and which were defeated by the forces of General Francisco Franco.
in the context of Northern Ireland
is someone who supports a range of Northern Irish parties, most notably Sinn Féin
, from the nationalist community who possess an armed wing and engaged in what are seen as terrorist
can also mean a supporter of the military organisation, such as the Irish Republican Army
or the Irish National Liberation Army
. Many of these organisations claim descent from earlier Irish republican movements such as the Irish Republican Brotherhood
or the Easter Rising
mounted in 1916.