Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but it was a tiny village until the 19th century. The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industrial branches of the town.
Wilhelm Röntgen, the discoverer of the x-rays, was born 1845 in Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in Remscheid (Deutsches Röntgen-Museum) commemmorating Röntgen's life and discoveries.
The Müngstener Brücke is a railroad bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid with the neighbour town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, hence the highest railroad bridge of Germany. It was constructed in 1897.