According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.7% Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population. In 2001 there were 715 immigrant settlers. See Population groups in Israel.
According to CBS, in 2001 there were 47,300 males and 49,700 females. The population of the city was spread out with 32.4% 19 years of age or younger, 16.3% between 20 and 29, 17.5% between 30 and 44, 17.9% from 45 to 59, 3.9% from 60 to 64, and 12.0% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 2.1%.
According to CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 35,521 salaried workers and 2,480 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 6,583, a real change of 8.1% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 8,479 (a real change of 6.7%) versus ILS 4,705 for females (a real change of 8.4%). The mean income for the self-employed is 7,954. There are 1,710 people who receive unemployment benefits and 7,468 people who receive an income guarantee.
According to CBS, there are 53 schools and 19,879 students in the city. They are spread out as 29 elementary schools and 9,705 elementary school students, and 29 high schools and 10,174 high school students. 59.9% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.
Institutes of Higher Learning
The city is home to the prestigious Weizmann Institute of Science and to the Faculty of Agriculture of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In addition, Kaplan Hospital acts as an ancillary teaching hospital for the Medical School of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.