- Alternate uses of redwood see Redwood (disambiguation)
is a name used for several species of trees
; most commonly it specifies the two species of California
redwoods. California redwoods are well known for being among the tallest trees in the world: trees of 60 to 90 meters (200 to 300 feet) are common. Some specimens are more than 2,000 years old.
The wood is resistant to fire and insects, and has been commonly used as a building material and for shingles and furniture (although it is very soft). Because these trees grow so slowly, lumbering has taken its toll and there has been a serious decline in numbers; many groves do not have enough young trees to maintain their population.
See each species for individual details:
- Family Taxodiaceae (conifers)
- The wood of Scots Pine, Pinus sylvestris, may be called 'redwood'.
- Family Fabaceae (broadleaf)
- Caesalpinia sappan - East Indian redwood, or sapanwood tree (first called "brezel wood" in Europe)
- Caesalpinia echinata - South American redwood, or brazilwood tree