The Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis, is a large hawk.
Adults have a dark mark on the underwing, between the body and the wrist (the patagium). They have broad wings; some but not all colour variations have a red tail and a dark band across the belly. Eastern birds have a dark red tail; there are two main colour variations:
In most of the United States, Red-tailed Hawks are permanent residents. Northern birds migrate further south.
These birds wait on a high perch and swoop down on prey; they may also patrol open areas. They mainly eat small mammals, birds and reptiles.
In flight, these birds soar with wings in a slight dihedral, flapping as little as possible.