Red River (Mississippi watershed)
The Red River
is one of several rivers with that name. It rises in two branches in the Texas Panhandle
and flows along the border of Texas
and Texas and Arkansas
. At Fulton, Arkansas
, the Red turns south into Louisiana
where it empties into the Atchafalaya and Mississippi
Rivers. The river gains its name from the red-clay farmland it waters. The Red River is dammed by the Denison Dam (est. 1943
) to form Lake Texoma, a large reservoir
. Other reservoirs serve as flood-control on the river's tributaries.
Much of the river's length in Louisiana was unnavigable in the early Nineteenth Century due to a collection of fallen trees that formed a "Great Raft" over 160 miles long (257 km). Captain Henry Miller Shreve cleared the jam in 1839, and now the river is navigable for small craft north of Natchitoches, Louisiana.
See also the Red River disambiguation page.