Rabbinic literatureRabbinic literature
, in the broadest sense, is any literature
written by Rabbis
. It is better restricted though, to that literature which has achieved some degree of canonicity among Jews (or at least some Jews). In that sense, it would include:
- The Mishnah and Tosefta
- Talmud Bavli (the Babylonian Talmud) and Talmud Yerushalami (the Talmud of the Land of Israel, also called the Palestinian Talmud).
- The various Midrash compilations
- The commentaries on the Bible, such as those by Rashi and Abraham ibn Ezra.
- The commentaries on the Talmud, such as those by Rashi.
- The legal codes, such as the Tur, the Shulkhan Arukh, etc.
- The responsa literature.
- Kabbalistic works
- Philosophical works by Saadia Gaon, Maimonides, Gersonides, Nahmanides, Abraham ibn Ezra, and others
- Ethical works produced by the classical rabbis, such as Bahya ibn Paquda, the Mussar Movement, or modern authors.
- Hasidic works
"Back to the Sources: Reading the Classic Jewish Texts", Barry W. Holtz, Summit Books.
"Introduction to Rabbinic Literature" Jacob Neusner, Anchor Bible Reference Library/Doubleday
"Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash", H. L. Strack and G. Stemberger, Fortress Press
Shemuel Safrai and Peter J. Tomsan "The Literature of the Sages: Oral Torah, Halakha, Mishna, Tosefta, Talmud, External Tractates" Fortress, 1987