Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index


Pinaceae, Pine family
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
 Subfamily Pinoideae
    Pinus - pines
 Subfamily Piceoideae
    Picea - spruces
 Subfamily Laricoideae
    Larix - larches
 Subfamily Abietoideae
    Abies - firs
    Cedrus - cedars
    Tsuga - hemlock

The Family Pinaceae (Lindley, 1836), or the Pine family, is in the Order Pinales and includes most of the well-known conifers of commercial importance such as true cedar, hemlock, larch, pine, spruce, and fir in 9 to 11 genera and nearly 200 species. These trees and shrubs are mostly found in the North Temperate zone, are evergreen, resinous, monoecious, with opposite or whorled branches, and spirally arranged, linear (needle-like) leaves. Male cones are small and herbaceous; female cones are large and usually woody. Seeds occur two to a scale and are usually winged. Embryos are multicotyledonous.