The Christian writer Clement states (Strom. III.52) that Philip was married, had children, and one of his daughters was also married. Eusebius quotes (H.E. III.39) a story from Papias, bishop of Hieropolis, that he had heard from one of Philip's daughters.
According to later Christian tradition, after Jesus' death and resurrection Philip went about both preaching and working miracles. His travels took him to Galilee, Greece (where he established Narcissos as bishop), Azota, Syria, and Phrygia.
Eusebius quotes Polycrates, 2nd century bishop of Ephesus, who wrote that Philip was buried in Hieropolis with his virgin daughters, while another daughter was buried at Ephesus. In Phrygia, he was preaching together with Bartholomew, and through prayer killed a large serpent in a temple devoted to serpent worship, and healed many people of snake bites. The city governor and pagan priest caused Philip and Bartholomew to be crucified. While they were crucified, a large earthquake knocked everyone to the ground, and Philip prayed for everyone's safety. Seeing the earthquake abate, the people demanded that Philip and Bartholomew be released. Although Bartholomew survived, Philip, the city governor, and the pagan priest all died that day.