is a political philosophy
advocating the peaceful co-existence of all political systems, where each individual
may voluntary adhere to the system of their choice, free to join and leave the jurisdiction of the governments he sees fit (modulo contractual obligations). International law
would be used to settle possible conflicts between individuals having chosen different systems of government.
The word panarchy was invented and the concept proposed by Paul Emile de Puydt in 1860.
Anarcho-capitalists argue that panarchism is an alternative way of presenting the same system as they advocate. Yet another way of considering the same system is voluntaryism, whereby people are related by voluntary contractual relations and natural law, excluding any forceful political compulsion. But some critics argue that it is self-contradictory as some political systems reject peaceful co-existence.