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Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city of Rome in Italy.

Legend tells us that Rome has its origins on the Palatine. Indeed, recent excavations show that people lived here since approximately 1000 BC. According to Roman mythology, the Palatine hill was where Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf that kept them alive. According to this legend, the shepherd Faustulus found the infants and, with his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the children. When they were older this is where Romulus decided to build Rome. See Founding of Rome for a more detailed account of the myth.

The emperors of Rome built their palaces on the Palatine. The ruins of the palaces of Augustus, Tiberius and Diocletianus are still to be seen. The term 'palace' itself stems from 'Palatine'.

Palatine hill is some 70 meters high and looks down on one side upon the Forum Romanum and on the other side upon the Circus Maximus. The site is now a large open-air museum and can be visited during day time. The entrance can be found near the Arch of Titus on the Forum Romanum.

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See also: Palatinate, an area ruled by an elector palatine.

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