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Area:2047 km²
Inhabitants:165,800 (2002)
pop. density:81 inh./km²
Car identification:NF

Nordfriesland (literally "Northern Frisia") is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Schleswig-Flensburg and Dithmarschen, the North Sea and the Danish county of South Jutland.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Coat of arms
4 Towns and municipalities
5 External links


There has always been a strong influence of the sea. In medieval times storm tides made the life here quite dangerous. Only in modern times the loss of land and lifes could be stopped by building solid dikess. Many villages, that once were, are now at the bottom of the sea. The best-known example is the small seaport of Rungholt, which was destroyed by a storm tide in 1362. The island of Strand vanished in another disastrous storm in 1634: subsequent to this storm tide there were many small islets instead of Strand.

Until 1864 Nordfriesland was a part of the Danish monarchy. It is still a multilingual district: there are people speaking High German, Low German, Frisian and Danish. The Frisian language exists in nine slightly different dialects, but it is mainly used by older persons. After becoming German three districts were established: Südtondern in the north, Husum in the centre, and Eiderstedt in the south. 1970 the three districts were merged.


The entire coast is part of the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park. Nordfriesland includes the coastal section between Dithmarschen and Denmark. In the south there is the Eiderstedt peninsula, where the Eider river meets the sea.

The North Frisian Islands are part of the district and located inside the national park as well. There are five large islands (Sylt, Föhr, Amrum, Pellworm and Nordstrand) and ten small islets known as Halligen.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays three golden ships on blue background. These arms have been used by the Eiderstedt peninsula since the 17th century. When the district was established in 1970, the arms of Eiderstedt were applied to the entire district. Differing from the old arms, there are three symbols visible on the ships' sails: a plough, a herring and a bull's head.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Bredstedt
  2. Friedrichstadt
  3. Garding
  4. Husum
  5. Niebüll
  6. Tönning
  7. Westerland
  8. Wyk
  1. Amrum
  2. Bökingharde
  3. Bredstedt-Land
  4. Eiderstedt
  5. Föhr-Land
  6. Friedrichstadt
  7. Hattstedt
  8. Karrharde
  9. Landschaft Sylt
  10. Nordstrand
  11. Pellworm
  12. Stollberg
  13. Süderlügum
  14. Treene
  15. Viöl
  16. Wiedingharde
    Free municipalities
  1. Leck
  2. List
  3. Reußenköge
  4. Sankt Peter-Ording

External links

Official website (German)